What is Complera (Emtricitabine/Rilpivirine/Tenofovir DF ) Medication?
Complera is an oral combination formulation of the Nucleoside analog Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NRTI) drugs emtricitabine (200mg) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (300mg), and the second-generation Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NNRTI) rilpivirine (25mg). This medication is used as a complete regimen for treatment of HIV-1 infection in certain patients, and should not be administered with other antiretroviral medications.
Complera is indicated for the treatment of HIV infection in patients who meet specific criteria related to their treatment history, HIV RNA concentration, and evidence of virologic failure. Specifics are given in the product monograph. The drug is also used off-label for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis following occupational exposure.
Complera comes as a tablet, which must be taken with food.
Complera HIV medication can be used without dosage adjustment in patients with a creatinine clearance >=50 mL/min, but is not recommended for use in patients with renal impairment below that level. Dosage adjustments are not needed for mild or moderate hepatic impairment, but safety and efficacy have not been established for use in severe hepatic impairment.
Complera is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to any of its components, and in patients who are taking other antiretrovirals.
Complera Side Effects
- immune reconstitution syndrome,
- abnormal dreams.
A more complete list of potential adverse effects is provided in the product monograph.
Complera is not indicated for the treatment of hepatitis infections. Patients who are co-infected with HIV and Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or Hepatitis C virus (HCV) may be at higher risk of treatment-related hepatotoxicity. Severe acute exacerbations of HBV disease may occur when discontinuing Complera. All patients who test positive for an HIV infection should be screened for a comorbid HBV and HCV infection. Co-infected patients should be started on an antiretroviral regimen targeting co-infected viruses, regardless of CD4 counts or viral loads. Current HIV treatment guidelines outline drug regimens and prescribing considerations.
Complera has been associated with severe skin and hypersensitivity reactions, as well as hepatotoxicity, lactic acidosis and hepatomegaly with steatosis, new or worsening renal impairment, Fanconi syndrome, bone mineral density (BMD) loss, depressive disorders, and QTc prolongation. All of these can be serious or life threatening, and the screening and monitoring guidelines detailed in the product monograph should be consulted.
Complera is associated with a large number of drug-drug and herbal interactions, cautions, and contraindications. These are listed in the product monograph.
Pregnancy & Lactation
Highly active retroviral combination treatment should be used in all pregnant women. None of the components of Complera have been associated with an increase in major birth defects above baseline. Current guidelines should be consulted when treating pregnant women. Components of Complera tablets are excreted in breast milk. The CDC recommends that all HIV positive women, treated or untreated, avoid breastfeeding to prevent vertical transmission of the virus.
Complera pills overdose should be treated with standard supportive care and monitoring. Some components of this drug are partially dialyzable.